Archivos de la categoría ‘Europa’

Interview with Inge Pierre, Chairwoman of Kaikoesie Foundation, The Netherlands
By: M. Cárdenas Llancaman @c_llancama

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Inge Pierre

The Kalinya people are one of the First Nations which live in Surinam and neighbouring states. At the beginning of the conquest, they resisted a Portuguese invasion as well as British attempts to grab their territory. Although Kalinya were defeated by Dutch conquerors, nowadays they carry on fighting for their rights and land. In this interview, Inge Pierre, a Kalinya woman and chairperson of a foundation in favor of her people, tells us about the story and hopes of this First Nation.

M: Inge, I´m glad to do this interview, can you tell me about the history of Kalinya people?

Inge: Thank you, the Kalinya people have lived for as long as I remember in what Westerners call the three Guyanas: Surinam, the French Guyana and the British Guyana. Our people are also living in Venezuela and Brazil. In 1593 the first Portuguese conquerors came to our land and we fought with them until they were forced to leave, after that the British tried to invade us and we also fought with them. As a consequence of the war, the British exchanged the lands of Surinam for Dutch colonies in North America: they exchanged Surinam for Staten Island (and Manhattan Island, it´s called the Treaty of Breda, 1667, and nowadays both islands belong to New York state).

That was how we came under Dutch authority, they came with another policy, apparently with kindness and trade. In that way our people were distracted, conquested and finally killed; behind their nice gifts they brought to us poison and sickness. After a while all the native people, together, made a rebellion attacking to the Dutch governor Van Sommelsdijck in which he almost died, thus forcing him to wave the white flag. When the Dutch settlers surrendered they signed a treaty (in 1686) with Kalinya people led by Kaikoesie, the warlord of that rebellion. The treaty contained the understanding that the Kalinya were prohibited to work on the Dutch plantations, and also allowed the Dutch to keep some of their plantations in the country for rent. Thirty silverlings per month from that time on.

However, they didn’t respect the treaty, Van Sommelsdijck called a great number of soldiers to Surinam and after that they wiped a lot of people out. Since then we have always struggled for land, we try to defend the land and our people are not afraid. So, that is how many of our ancestors have died in the battle.

M: Nowadays, what is the current struggle of Kalinya people?

Inge: We are fighting to keep our traditional religion. We are fighting to keep our hunting land, our fishing grounds and the places where we have plantations. That´s our current struggle. We also have a few people who have studied law and we have organized all the villages to claim the land back. We went to the International Human Rights Court to file a lawsuit against the State of Surinam. We struggled because of the same reasons we had in the past.

M: Since the independence of Surinam from the Dutch in 1975, did your situation change?

Inge: The situation could have been different, but the new State and the new government –the Surinamese government- is a mix of different people: Africans, Indians, Indonesians, and Chinese. It would be nice if they respected the law, our traditions and our land but they don´t. They just continue the colonial system.

M: How do you think about the future for indigenous First Nations?

Inge: Well, it´s a good question. This is a world-wide struggle, because this battle is not unique to our country. I think that every First Nation I´ve spoken to, I´ve met, or I´ve read about in newspapers, face a similar battle for their existence; fighting for the protection of the language, protecting the way we have our beliefs, and overall fighting to live in harmony with the nature. My opinion is that there must be more effective ways to organize with other indigenous nations in South America.

M: How do you think we can be helpful for the whole world? What can we teach to westernized societies?

Inge:  The society now needs a new way, I mean a new way for them (westernized societies), we have the way already. We have contact with nature, we do things in harmony with the environment, we don´t pollute, we do not make a large industry using a lot of chemical substances as they do. I think, we, as indigenous people, have to speak about how we live, and make people know how they could save the environment.

I also know the westernized society is looking for a way to decontaminate the polluted air, the polluted ground. Nowadays they have been looking for it, but they are not looking at us, so they have to look at us. We have to profile ourselves, we have to make the world know what our knowledge is. However, we have already tried everything, I mean, I´m not the first who has been thinking about this. There are so many people before me who have died or are now old – my father, for instance- and they also said the same thing. So, why doesn´t the western society want to take our knowledge they need so badly? It´s because they need the land! They need the land more than they need us.

For Information: Stichting Kaikoesie

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525 Years of Indigenous Resistance

Organized by Mapuche Foundation FOLIL, Stichting Kaikoesie, HIJOS and Masterpeace.

While for many, October 12th symbolizes the ‘discovery’ of the New World by Italian explorer Christopher Columbus who landed ashore the Americas in 1492, this date epitomizes the historic turning point marking the beginning of an era of oppression for all indigenous peoples in the Americas. However, October 12th has also been the beginning of Indigenous Resistance against this invasion.

For 525 years indigenous peoples have been defending their land, culture, language and their People

Nowadays transnational corporations and governments develop big infrastructure projects, agroexport activities and raw material extraction on indigenous people territories. Not only by ignoring their rights as indigenous peoples, they persecute, imprison and kill those who stand up against these injustice.

In southern Argentina, a land conflict has recently led to the ‘disappearance’ of a young activist from the province of Buenos Aires. Santiago Maldonado, was supporting the claim of land of a Mapuche community occupied by the Italian clothing corporation Benetton.

In Chile, 4 political Mapuche prisoners recently held a hunger strike of 118 days to protest against their imprisonment in the Temuco prison. In a operation called “Huracán”, another 8 Mapuche leaders were arrested.

At Maho in Surinam, the Indigenous Peoples have been haunted on their territories since 2005, by the landowner Abdoelrahman, who has false property papers and sells sand excavations.

On Saturday 14 October 2017 we will meet each other in Amsterdam, the Netherlands to celebrate The Indigenous Resistance and support their struggle around the world.

For more information:
http://www.mapuche.nl/

Date: Saturday, October 14th of 2017
Location: Casa Migrante, at the  Ostadestraat 268, 1073 TV, Amsterdam
Time: From 5:00 pm. till 9:00 pm.
http://www.casamigrante.com/

 

Foto-Protestaktion

Wir wollen mit unserer Foto-Protestaktion ein solidarisches Zeichen mit den politischen Mapuche Gefangenen, die sich in Chile seit mehr als 114 Tagen im Hungerstreik befinden setzen. Der Lonko Alfredo Tralcal und die drei Brüder Trangol Galindo haben seit den Beginn ihres Hungerstreiks am 6. Juni 2017 mehr als 18 Kg verloren und haben mit Körperlichen Beschwerden zu kämpfen.
Hinter diesem Hintergrund fordern wir die chilenische Regierung Bachelet’s auf die sofortige Freilassung der Mapuche, die im Hungerstreik sind, sowie die Erfüllung ihrer Forderungen umzusetzen. Darüber hinaus fordern wir das Ende der Kriminalisierung des Protests der Mapuche in Chile sowie die Entmilitarisierung in den Mapuche Gemeinden und die groben Menschenrechtsverletzungen die an dem Volk der Mapuche, insbesondere gegen Frauen, Kindern und älteren Menschen seitens des chilenischen Stattes ausgeübt werden einzustellen. Außerdem  fordern wir die chilenische Regierung Bachelet’s auf die ratifizierte Konvention Nummer 169 der Internationalen Arbeitsorganisation (ILO), die hinsichtlich einer vorherigen Konsultation im Fall von Aktivitäten im Gebiet des Landes fordert die, die chilenische Regierung unterzeichnet hat einzuhalten und die Erklärung der indigenen Menschenrechte der UNO zu respektieren.

Wir wollen die  Foto-Protestaktion mit Transpis, Schildern, Plakate und Fahnen am Sonntag den, 1. Oktober 2017 um 17.00 Uhr starten.

(Die Anmeldung von dem Ort ist von den Behörden noch nicht Bestätigt worden, prinzipiell soll es vor dem Hamburger Rathaus statt finden.)

Freiheit für alle politischen Mapuche-Gefangenen!!!
Ende mit den gesichtslosen Zeugen!
Soziale Netzwerke sind ein Werkzeug für den Austausch von Informationen, die die bürgerliche Presse sich weigert zu zeigen!

Verlinkt mit Freiheit !! Teile in Solidarität !!

WEICHAFE, TU QUE PELEAS COMO NADIE
CON TU VALENTIA, CON TU VIDA, CON DECISION
POR TU PUEBLO, POR MI, POR ELLOS, POR TODOS
POR LA VIDA, LA JUSTICIA Y LA DIGNIDAD

¡LIBERTAD A TODOS LOS PRESOS POLÍTICOS MAPUCHE!
¡FIN A LA REPRESIÓN DE LAS COMUNIDADES EN CONFLICTO!
¡TERRITORIO Y AUTONOMÍA!
¡WEUWAIÑ!

MAPU NEWEN WEICHAFES!!!!!!!!
¡¡¡¡¡¡¡MARRICHIWEW!!!!!!